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Sie sind hier: Startseite AK Hansen Publikationen The Dual Histone Deacetylase-Proteasome Inhibitor RTS-V5 Acts Synergistically With Ritonavir to Induce Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Bladder Cancer Cells

Kazuki Okubo, Nina Reßing, Wolfgang A Schulz, Finn K Hansen, Takako Asano, and Akinori Sato (2021)

The Dual Histone Deacetylase-Proteasome Inhibitor RTS-V5 Acts Synergistically With Ritonavir to Induce Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Bladder Cancer Cells

Anticancer Research, 41(12):5987--5996.

Background/Aim: Simultaneous inhibition of histone deacetylase and proteasomes induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress efficiently. RTS-V5 is the first dual histone deacetylase–proteasome inhibitor, and we anticipated that combining it with the cytochrome P450 family 3 subfamily A member 4 inhibitor ritonavir would enhance its activity in bladder cancer cells. Materials and Methods: Using bladder cancer cells (human T-24, J-82, murine MBT-2), we evaluated the ability and mechanism by which the combination of RTSV5 and ritonavir induced ER stress and killed cancer cells. Results: The combination of RTS-V5 and ritonavir triggered robust apoptosis and inhibited bladder cancer growth effectively in vitro and in vivo. It caused ubiquitinated protein accumulation and induced ER stress synergistically. The combination inhibited the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway by increasing the expression of AMP-activated protein kinase. We also found that the combination caused histone and tubulin hyperacetylation. Conclusion: Ritonavir enhances the ability of RTS-V5 to cause ER stress in bladder cancer cells.

endoplasmic, histone deacetylase, proteasome, ritonavir